The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement on citizens` rights and the financial regime of Brexit. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. Additional certificates of protection are governed by EU law, but they are requested and issued as individual national rights. The withdrawal agreement confirms that N. SCS applications expired at the end of the transition period are granted and that they enjoy the same level of protection as existing CPS.
The protocol also contains a unilateral exit mechanism for Northern Ireland: the Northern Ireland Assembly will vote every four years on whether these rules, which require a simple majority, should be maintained. These votes take place two months before the end of each four-year period, with the first period beginning at the end of December 2020 (when the transition period is scheduled).  If the Assembly is suspended on that date, the GG vote shall be held. If the Assembly expresses inter-community support in one of these periodic votes, the protocol will apply for the next eight years instead of the usual four years.  However, if the Assembly votes against the continuation of these rules, the UK and the EU will be given two years to adopt new rules.   The withdrawal agreement did not change for citizens and businesses when the UK withdrew from the EU on 1 February 2020. The WAB agrees to withdraw Boris Johnson, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The United Kingdom has launched the formal process of withdrawal negotiations by formally informing the European Council of its intention to leave the EU. The European Union and the United Kingdom have approved the withdrawal agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the withdrawal agreement.