What Is Naga Peace Agreement

Muivah accused Ravi of undermining the Naga peace process by saying the 2015 agreement implied the promise of shared sovereignty, and the peace process is in shaken. However, in some quarters, this could also be seen as an effect of the Article 370 move to Jammu and Kashmir. “He [the interlocutor] said that the terms of the agreement were ready and that once everything was ready, it could soon be signed. We offered to sign the final agreement himself in September, but Mr. Ravi did not set a deadline,” said the NNPG member. The signing of a peace agreement between the Centre and the NSCN-IM has provided a glimmer of hope for a quick solution to the decades-old political issue. For five years, the two sides did not sign the formal agreement. In an apparent move that emerged from the central government`s frustration – on the basis of a larger mandate for the Modi government in the 2019 elections in Lok Sabha — Ravi announced October 31 as the deadline for approving the peace deal. In his Naga Independence Day address on 14 August, NSCN (I-M) Secretary General Thuingaleng Muivah stressed that the Nagas “will never merge with India.” But the neighbouring states of Nagaland, home to the NSCN Peace Headquarters (I-M), are concerned about the issue of sovereignty. This is due to the idea of the NSCN (I-M) of Greater Nagalim – a house that encompasses all the areas inhabited by the Naga in Nagaland and beyond. Outside Myanmar, home to many more than 50 strains of Naga, the map of The Great Nagalim includes much of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur. The Government of Assam has vowed not to part with “even a centimetre of land”, the Union All Arunachal Pradesh Students has warned against “territorial changes” while finding a solution.

Minister Manipur Chief Nongthombam Biren Singh said he had received assurances from the Centre that the peace agreement with the NSCN (I-M) would not undermine Manipur`s territorial integrity. But non-Naga groups are wary, as the Tangkhul community, which is at the heart of the NSCN (I-M), is from Manipur and the outfit may not accept an agreement excluding the areas they inhabit. NNPGs, whose members come mainly from Nagaland, are also a factor; their contributions to a final solution could be contrary to those of the NSCN (I-M). The NNPG has also made it clear that it is not in favour of a delay in the peace agreement. In declaring its opposition to what was said in the commission`s report, the NSCN tried to tell the Naga public that it had not abandoned its previous position, and it was only NSCN that was trying to get the best offer for people against adversity. This avowed perseverance can also be interpreted as an attempt to reject Ravi`s efforts to involve more actors in the peace process, in order to probably weaken the NSCN`s position as the main peace negotiator. In 2017, at least half a dozen Naga insurgents joined the peace process as part of the peace process. The role of RN Ravi has been greatly appreciated in progress.

But the honeymoon ended very quickly. R.N. Ravi, an IPS officer from 1976, retired in 2012 as Special Director of the Office of Intelligence.